Here are your choices: (Answer below- No peeking)
A) Potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide
B) Hydrogen sulfate or sodium sulfate
C) Ammonia hydroxide or ammonia sulfate
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Correct Answer: A) Potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide
For decades, people choosing what happens to their body after death have had only two realistic options — burial or cremation. But that may be changing. A new process, called “alkaline hydrolysis” (AH), is available in about a dozen states, and every year more states are considering legalizing the technology. (The process may go by another name in your area, such as bio-cremation, resomation, aquamation, green cremation, flameless cremation, or water cremation.)
What Is Alkaline Hydrolysis?
Alkaline hydrolysis is a chemical process that uses a solution of 95% water and 5% potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide to reduce a body to components of liquid and bone.
Bone fragments are retained so they can be dried and turned into a substance similar to cremated ashes. The bone byproduct of AH may be scattered, buried, or disposed in any way cremated ashes are handled. Implants such as dental fillings or pacemakers can be easily separated from the bone fragments before the bones are rendered into “ash.”
The liquid byproduct of alkaline hydrolysis is a nontoxic solution of amino acids, peptides, sugars, and soap that can be disposed of through local sewage systems. Many have uncomfortably analogized this process to “pouring bodies down the drain,” a characterization that often overlooks the fact that body fluids and blood are routinely poured down the drain during traditional embalming practices.
Essentially, alkaline hydrolysis mirrors the chemical decomposition that happens when a body is buried, except AH takes just hours — from three to 12 depending on the temperature and pressure in the chamber — instead of months or years.
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